Nonverbal Learning Disability

A Nonverbal Learning Disability (NLD) results from disordered functioning in the right hemisphere of the brain, which processes nonverbal information.  This includes the processing of visual-spatial, organizational, and holistic information.


  • Cognitive
    – Strong rote verbatim memory
    – Excellent attention to detail, but misses the big picture
    – Difficulty generalizing information
  • Academic
    – Precocious reading decoding ability
    – Weak math skills
    – Messy and laborious handwriting
  • Physical
    – Poor coordination and balance
    – Poor fine motor skills
    -Physically awkward
  • Language/Communication
    – Precocious speech and language development
    – Talks a lot but really says very little
    – Concrete thinking; takes things very literally
  • Social/Emotional/Behavioral
    – Poor social skills
    – Difficulty making and keeping friends
    – May be very naïve and lacks common sense