There are many ways to be gifted. Individuals can be gifted musically, artistically, or athletically, for example. However, an IQ test is used to evaluate whether a child is intellectually gifted and would benefit from receiving more rigorous academic programming at school.
This evaluation involves the administration of a standardized test of intellectual functioning, an IQ test, such as:
• Wechsler Intelligence Test for Children-Fourth Edition (WISC-IV)
• Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence (WPPSI-III)
• Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test, Fifth Edition (SB-V)
Intellectual tests are not tests of academic skills, such as reading or math. Rather, they measure overall cognitive abilities, which have been found to be related to school performance.
The average IQ is, by definition, 100. Scores above 100 indicate a higher than average IQ, and scores below 100 indicate a lower than average IQ. Fifty percent of the population has an average IQ.
In order to qualify for the Gifted Program, a child must score at or above the 98th percentile on an IQ test. This means that he or she scored better than 98 out of 100 children his or her age, which is equivalent to an IQ score of 130 or above.
IQ tests also provide important information about an individual’s learning style and strength and weaknesses in the way that he or she processes information.